i like table tennis. (作主语)
do you know him?(作宾语)
---whos is knocking at the door?
he is older than me.
he is older than i am.
our teacher is coming to see us.
this is her pencil-box.
our school is here, and theirs is there.(作主语)
--- is this english-book yours? (作表语)
--- no. mine is in my bag.
i've already finished my homework. have you finished yours? (作宾语)
this is a pen and that is a pencil.
we are busy these days.
in those days the workers had a hard time.
i had a cold. that's why i didn't come.
what i want to say is this ; pronunciation is very important in learning english.
television sets made in beijing are just as good as those made in shanghai.
4)this 在电话用语中代表自己，that 则代表对方。例如：
hello! this is mary. is that jack speaking?
he called himself a writer.
would you please express yourself in english?
it doesn't matter.i'll be myself soon.
the girl in the news is myself.
i myself washed the clothes.(=i washed the clothes myself.)(作主语同位语)
you should ask the teacher himself.(作宾语同位语)
look! some of the students are cleaning the library.
some rice in the bag has been sold out.
if you have any questions, please ask me.
there isn't any orange in the bottle.
have you got any tea?
how many people can you see in the picture?
i can't see any.
if you have no money, i'll lend you some.
注意：与some, any结合的词如something, somebody, someone, anything, anyone, anybody在肯定句、否定句、疑问句、条件句中的用法，大致和some, any的用法相同。
2 few, a few, little, a little在用法上的区别
i'm going to buy a few apples.
he can speak only a little chinese.
there is only a little milk in the glass.
he has few friends.
they had little money with them.
②a little和little也可以用作副词，a little表示“有点，稍微”，little表示“很少”。
i'm a little hungry. (修饰形容词hungry)
let him sleep a little. (修饰动词sleep)
mary, go a little faster, please. (修饰副词比较级)
she slept very little last night.
3 other, the other, another, others, the others的区别
another (boy) 形容词，单数，另一个(男孩)
other (boys) 形容词，复数，其他男孩
the other 另一个
the others 其余那些人、物
the other (boy) 另一个男孩
the other (boys) 其余那些男孩
where are his other books?
i haven't any other books except this one.
②other也可以用作代词，与冠词the连用构成“the other”，表示两个人或物中的“另一个”。常与one搭配构成“one ..., the other ...”句型。
he has two brothers. one is 10 years old , the other is 5 years old.
she held a ruler in one hand and an exercise-book in the other.
③other作代词用时，可以有复数“others”，泛指“另外的人或物”。常与some搭配构成“some ...., others ...”句型。
some went to the cinema, others went swimming.
this coat is too large. show me some others, please.
we got home by 4 o'clock, but the others didn't get back until 8 o'clock.
in our class only tom is english, the others are chinese.
you can see another ship in the sea, can't you?
mary doesn't want to buy this skirt. would you please show her another one?
i'm still hungry after i've had this cake. please give me another.
the teacher gave a toy to each child.
each ball has a different colour.
当我们说each child, each student或each teacher时，我们想到的是一个人的情况。而当我们说every child和every student时，我们想到的是全体的情况，every的意思与all接近，表示他们都如此。
every student loves the english teacher. = all students love the english teacher.
every child likes playing. = all children like playing.
all of us like mr pope. 我们都喜欢pope先生。(作主语)
= we all like mr pope. (作同位语)
all the water has been used up. (作主语)
that's all for today. (作表语)
why not eat all (of) the fish? (作宾语)
all the leaders are here. (作定语)
lucy and lily both agree with us.
they both passed on their sticks at the same time.
how are your parents? they're both fine.
both of them came to see mary.
both of the books are very interesting.
michael has two sons. both are clever.
i don't know which book is the better, i shall read both.
both his younger sisters are our classmates.
there are tall trees on both sides of the street.
表示相互关系的代词叫做相互代词。相互代词有each other 和one another两种形 式。在当代英语中，each other和one another没有什么区别。相互代词可在句中作宾语，定语。作定语用时，相互代词用所有格形式。
we should learn from each other / one another. (作宾语)
do you often write to each other / one another? (作宾语)
we often borrow each other's / one another's books. (作定语)
the students corrected each other's / one another's mistakes in their homework.(作定语)
who is going to come here tomorrow? (作主语)
what is that? (作表语)
whose umbrella is this? (作定语)
whom are you waiting for? (作宾语)
关系代词是一种引导从句并起连接主句和从句作用的代词。关系代词有 who, whose, whom, that, which. 它们在句中可用作主语,表语,宾语,定语. 在主句中,它们还代表着从句所修饰的那个名词或代词。例如：
i hate people who talk much but do little.
i’m looking at the photograph which you sent me with your letter.
with the money that he had saved, he went on with his studies.
do you know the lady who is interviewing our headmaster?